The full text of the proposed measure is as follows:

Be it enacted by the people of the State of Colorado:

SECTION 1. In Colorado Revised Statutes, add article 48 to title 25 as follows:

ARTICLE 48
End-of-life Options

25-48-101. Short title. THE SHORT TITLE OF THIS ARTICLE IS THE “COLORADO END-OF-LIFE OPTIONS
ACT”.

25-48-102. Definitions. AS USED IN THIS ARTICLE, UNLESS THE CONTEXT OTHERWISE REQUIRES:
(1) “ADULT” MEANS AN INDIVIDUAL WHO IS EIGHTEEN YEARS OF AGE OR OLDER.
(2) “ATTENDING PHYSICIAN” MEANS A PHYSICIAN WHO HAS PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE CARE
OF A TERMINALLY ILL INDIVIDUAL AND THE TREATMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S TERMINAL ILLNESS.
(3) “CONSULTING PHYSICIAN” MEANS A PHYSICIAN WHO IS QUALIFIED BY SPECIALTY OR EXPERIENCE
TO MAKE A PROFESSIONAL DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS REGARDING A TERMINALLY ILL INDIVIDUAL’S
ILLNESS.
(4) “HEALTH CARE PROVIDER” OR “PROVIDER” MEANS A PERSON WHO IS LICENSED, CERTIFIED,
REGISTERED, OR OTHERWISE AUTHORIZED OR PERMITTED BY LAW TO ADMINISTER HEALTH CARE OR
DISPENSE MEDICATION IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSINESS OR PRACTICE OF A PROFESSION. THE
TERM INCLUDES A HEALTH CARE FACILITY, INCLUDING A LONG-TERM CARE FACILITY AS DEFINED IN
SECTION 25-3-103.7 (1) (F.3) AND A CONTINUING CARE RETIREMENT COMMUNITY AS DESCRIBED IN
SECTION 25.5-6-203 (1)(C)(I), C.R.S.
(5) “INFORMED DECISION” MEANS A DECISION THAT IS:
(a) MADE BY AN INDIVIDUAL TO OBTAIN A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION
THAT THE QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL MAY DECIDE TO SELF-ADMINISTER TO END HIS OR HER LIFE IN A
PEACEFUL MANNER;
(b) BASED ON AN UNDERSTANDING AND ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THE RELEVANT FACTS; AND
(c) MADE AFTER THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN FULLY INFORMS THE INDIVIDUAL OF:
(I) HIS OR HER MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR LESS;
(II) THE POTENTIAL RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TAKING THE MEDICAL AID-IN DYING MEDICATION TO BE
PRESCRIBED;
(III) THE PROBABLE RESULT OF TAKING THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO BE PRESCRIBED;
(IV) THE CHOICES AVAILABLE TO AN INDIVIDUAL THAT DEMONSTRATE HIS OR HER SELFDETERMINATION
AND INTENT TO END HIS OR HER LIFE IN A PEACEFUL MANNER, INCLUDING THE
ABILITY TO CHOOSE WHETHER TO:
(A) REQUEST MEDICAL AID IN DYING;
(B) OBTAIN A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO END HIS OR HER LIFE;
(C) FILL THE PRESCRIPTION AND POSSESS MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO END HIS OR HER
LIFE; AND
(D) ULTIMATELY SELF-ADMINISTER THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO BRING ABOUT A
PEACEFUL DEATH; AND
(V) ALL FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES OR ADDITIONAL TREATMENT OPPORTUNITIES, INCLUDING
COMFORT CARE, PALLIATIVE CARE, HOSPICE CARE, AND PAIN CONTROL.
(6) “LICENSED MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL” MEANS A PSYCHIATRIST LICENSED UNDER ARTICLE
36 OF TITLE 12, C.R.S., OR A PSYCHOLOGIST LICENSED UNDER PART 3 OF ARTICLE 43 OF TITLE 12,
C.R.S.
(7) “MEDICAL AID IN DYING” MEANS THE MEDICAL PRACTICE OF A PHYSICIAN PRESCRIBING MEDICAL
AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL THAT THE INDIVIDUAL MAY CHOOSE TO
SELF-ADMINISTER TO BRING ABOUT A PEACEFUL DEATH.
(8) “MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION” MEANS MEDICATION PRESCRIBED BY A PHYSICIAN
PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE TO PROVIDE MEDICAL AID IN DYING TO A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL.
(9) “MEDICALLY CONFIRMED” MEANS THAT A CONSULTING PHYSICIAN WHO HAS EXAMINED THE
TERMINALLY ILL INDIVIDUAL AND THE INDIVIDUAL’S RELEVANT MEDICAL RECORDS HAS CONFIRMED
THE MEDICAL OPINION OF THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN.
(10) “MENTAL CAPACITY” OR “MENTALLY CAPABLE” MEANS THAT IN THE OPINION OF AN
INDIVIDUAL’S ATTENDING PHYSICIAN, CONSULTING PHYSICIAN, PSYCHIATRIST OR PSYCHOLOGIST,
THE INDIVIDUAL HAS THE ABILITY TO MAKE AND COMMUNICATE AN INFORMED DECISION TO HEALTH
CARE PROVIDERS.
(11) “PHYSICIAN” MEANS A DOCTOR OF MEDICINE OR OSTEOPATHY LICENSED TO PRACTICE MEDICINE
BY THE COLORADO MEDICAL BOARD.
(12) “PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR LESS” MEANS A PROGNOSIS RESULTING FROM A TERMINAL
ILLNESS THAT THE ILLNESS WILL, WITHIN REASONABLE MEDICAL JUDGMENT, RESULT IN DEATH
WITHIN SIX MONTHS AND WHICH HAS BEEN MEDICALLY CONFIRMED.
(13) “QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL” MEANS A TERMINALLY ILL ADULT WITH A PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS
OR LESS, WHO HAS MENTAL CAPACITY, HAS MADE AN INFORMED DECISION, IS A RESIDENT OF THE
STATE, AND HAS SATISFIED THE REQUIREMENTS OF THIS ARTICLE IN ORDER TO OBTAIN A
PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO END HIS OR HER LIFE IN A PEACEFUL
MANNER.
(14) “RESIDENT” MEANS AN INDIVIDUAL WHO IS ABLE TO DEMONSTRATE RESIDENCY IN COLORADO
BY PROVIDING ANY OF THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTATION TO HIS OR HER ATTENDING PHYSICIAN:
(a) A COLORADO DRIVER’S LICENSE OR IDENTIFICATION CARD ISSUED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE 2
OF TITLE 42, C.R.S.;
(b) A COLORADO VOTER REGISTRATION CARD OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION SHOWING THE
INDIVIDUAL IS REGISTERED TO VOTE IN COLORADO;
(c) EVIDENCE THAT THE INDIVIDUAL OWNS OR LEASES PROPERTY IN COLORADO; OR
(d) A COLORADO INCOME TAX RETURN FOR THE MOST RECENT TAX YEAR.
(15) “SELF-ADMINISTER” MEANS A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL’S AFFIRMATIVE, CONSCIOUS, AND
PHYSICAL ACT OF ADMINISTERING THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO HIMSELF OR HERSELF
TO BRING ABOUT HIS OR HER OWN DEATH.
(16) “TERMINAL ILLNESS” MEANS AN INCURABLE AND IRREVERSIBLE ILLNESS THAT WILL, WITHIN
REASONABLE MEDICAL JUDGMENT, RESULT IN DEATH.
25-48-103. Right to request medical aid-in-dying medication. (1) AN ADULT RESIDENT OF
COLORADO MAY MAKE A REQUEST, IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTIONS 25-48-104 AND 25-48-112, TO
RECEIVE A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION IF:
(a) THE INDIVIDUAL’S ATTENDING PHYSICIAN HAS DIAGNOSED THE INDIVIDUAL WITH A TERMINAL
ILLNESS WITH A PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR LESS;
(b) THE INDIVIDUAL’S ATTENDING PHYSICIAN HAS DETERMINED THE INDIVIDUAL HAS MENTAL
CAPACITY; AND
(c) THE INDIVIDUAL HAS VOLUNTARILY EXPRESSED THE WISH TO RECEIVE A PRESCRIPTION FOR
MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION.
(2) THE RIGHT TO REQUEST MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION DOES NOT EXIST BECAUSE OF AGE
OR DISABILITY.

25-48-104. Request process – witness requirements. (1) IN ORDER TO RECEIVE A PRESCRIPTION FOR
MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE, AN INDIVIDUAL WHO SATISFIES
THE REQUIREMENTS IN SECTION 25-48-103 MUST MAKE TWO ORAL REQUESTS, SEPARATED BY AT
LEAST FIFTEEN DAYS, AND A VALID WRITTEN REQUEST TO HIS OR HER ATTENDING PHYSICIAN.
(2)(a) TO BE VALID, A WRITTEN REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION MUST BE:
(I) SUBSTANTIALLY IN THE SAME FORM AS SET FORTH IN SECTION 25-48-112;
(II) SIGNED AND DATED BY THE INDIVIDUAL SEEKING THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION;
AND
(III) WITNESSED BY AT LEAST TWO INDIVIDUALS WHO, IN THE PRESENCE OF THE INDIVIDUAL,
ATTEST TO THE BEST OF THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND BELIEF THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS:
(A) MENTALLY CAPABLE;
(B) ACTING VOLUNTARILY; AND
(C) NOT BEING COERCED TO SIGN THE REQUEST.
(b) OF THE TWO WITNESSES TO THE WRITTEN REQUEST, AT LEAST ONE MUST NOT BE:
(I) RELATED TO THE INDIVIDUAL BY BLOOD, MARRIAGE, CIVIL UNION, OR ADOPTION;
(II) AN INDIVIDUAL WHO, AT THE TIME THE REQUEST IS SIGNED, IS ENTITLED, UNDER A WILL OR BY
OPERATION OF LAW, TO ANY PORTION OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S ESTATE UPON HIS OR HER DEATH; OR
(III) AN OWNER, OPERATOR, OR EMPLOYEE OF A HEALTH CARE FACILITY WHERE THE INDIVIDUAL IS
RECEIVING MEDICAL TREATMENT OR IS A RESIDENT.
(c) NEITHER THE INDIVIDUAL’S ATTENDING PHYSICIAN NOR A PERSON AUTHORIZED AS THE
INDIVIDUAL’S QUALIFIED POWER OF ATTORNEY OR DURABLE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY SHALL
SERVE AS A WITNESS TO THE WRITTEN REQUEST.

25-48-105. Right to rescind request – requirement to offer opportunity to rescind. (1) AT ANY
TIME, AN INDIVIDUAL MAY RESCIND HIS OR HER REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION
WITHOUT REGARD TO THE INDIVIDUAL’S MENTAL STATE.
(2) AN ATTENDING PHYSICIAN SHALL NOT WRITE A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION UNDER THIS ARTICLE UNLESS THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN OFFERS THE QUALIFIED
INDIVIDUAL AN OPPORTUNITY TO RESCIND THE REQUEST FOR THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION.

25-48-106. Attending physician responsibilities. (1) THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN SHALL:
(a) MAKE THE INITIAL DETERMINATION OF WHETHER AN INDIVIDUAL REQUESTING MEDICAL AID-INDYING
MEDICATION HAS A TERMINAL ILLNESS, HAS A PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR LESS, IS
MENTALLY CAPABLE, IS MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION, AND HAS MADE THE REQUEST
VOLUNTARILY;
(b) REQUEST THAT THE INDIVIDUAL DEMONSTRATE COLORADO RESIDENCY BY PROVIDING
DOCUMENTATION AS DESCRIBED IN SECTION 25-48-102 (14);
(c) PROVIDE CARE THAT CONFORMS TO ESTABLISHED MEDICAL STANDARDS AND ACCEPTED MEDICAL
GUIDELINES;
(d) REFER THE INDIVIDUAL TO A CONSULTING PHYSICIAN FOR MEDICAL CONFIRMATION OF THE
DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS AND FOR A DETERMINATION OF WHETHER THE INDIVIDUAL IS MENTALLY
CAPABLE, IS MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION, AND ACTING VOLUNTARILY;
(e) PROVIDE FULL, INDIVIDUAL-CENTERED DISCLOSURES TO ENSURE THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS
MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION BY DISCUSSING WITH THE INDIVIDUAL:
(I) HIS OR HER MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR LESS;
(II) THE FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES OR ADDITIONAL TREATMENT OPPORTUNITIES, INCLUDING
COMFORT CARE, PALLIATIVE CARE, HOSPICE CARE, AND PAIN CONTROL;
(III) THE POTENTIAL RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TAKING THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO
BE PRESCRIBED;
(IV) THE PROBABLE RESULT OF TAKING THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO BE PRESCRIBED;
AND
(V) THE POSSIBILITY THAT THE INDIVIDUAL CAN OBTAIN THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION
BUT CHOOSE NOT TO USE IT;
(f) REFER THE INDIVIDUAL TO A LICENSED MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL PURSUANT TO SECTION
25-48-108 IF THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN BELIEVES THAT THE INDIVIDUAL MAY NOT BE MENTALLY
CAPABLE OF MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION;
(g) CONFIRM THAT THE INDIVIDUAL’S REQUEST DOES NOT ARISE FROM COERCION OR UNDUE
INFLUENCE BY ANOTHER PERSON BY DISCUSSING WITH THE INDIVIDUAL, OUTSIDE THE PRESENCE OF
OTHER PERSONS, WHETHER THE INDIVIDUAL IS FEELING COERCED OR UNDULY INFLUENCED BY
ANOTHER PERSON;
(h) COUNSEL THE INDIVIDUAL ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF:
(I) HAVING ANOTHER PERSON PRESENT WHEN THE INDIVIDUAL SELF-ADMINISTERS THE MEDICAL AIDIN-DYING
MEDICATION PRESCRIBED PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE;
(II) NOT TAKING THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION IN A PUBLIC PLACE;
(III) SAFE-KEEPING AND PROPER DISPOSAL OF UNUSED MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION IN
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 25-48-120; AND
(IV) NOTIFYING HIS OR HER NEXT OF KIN OF THE REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION;
(i) INFORM THE INDIVIDUAL THAT HE OR SHE MAY RESCIND THE REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-INDYING
MEDICATION AT ANY TIME AND IN ANY MANNER;
(j) VERIFY, IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO WRITING THE PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION, THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION;
(k) ENSURE THAT ALL APPROPRIATE STEPS ARE CARRIED OUT IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE
BEFORE WRITING A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION; AND
(l) EITHER:
(I) DISPENSE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATIONS DIRECTLY TO THE QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL,
INCLUDING ANCILLARY MEDICATIONS INTENDED TO MINIMIZE THE INDIVIDUAL’S DISCOMFORT, IF
THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN HAS A CURRENT DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION CERTIFICATE
AND COMPLIES WITH ANY APPLICABLE ADMINISTRATIVE RULE; OR
(II) DELIVER THE WRITTEN PRESCRIPTION PERSONALLY, BY MAIL, OR THROUGH AUTHORIZED
ELECTRONIC TRANSMISSION IN THE MANNER PERMITTED UNDER ARTICLE 42.5 OF TITLE 12, C.R.S.,
TO A LICENSED PHARMACIST, WHO SHALL DISPENSE THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO THE
QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL, THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN, OR AN INDIVIDUAL EXPRESSLY DESIGNATED BY
THE QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL.

25-48-107. Consulting physician responsibilities. BEFORE AN INDIVIDUAL WHO IS REQUESTING
MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION MAY RECEIVE A PRESCRIPTION FOR THE MEDICAL AID-INDYING
MEDICATION, A CONSULTING PHYSICIAN MUST:
(1) EXAMINE THE INDIVIDUAL AND HIS OR HER RELEVANT MEDICAL RECORDS;
(2) CONFIRM, IN WRITING, TO THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN:
(a) THAT THE INDIVIDUAL HAS A TERMINAL ILLNESS;
(b) THE INDIVIDUAL HAS A PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR LESS;
(c) THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION; AND
(d) THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS MENTALLY CAPABLE, OR PROVIDE DOCUMENTATION THAT THE
CONSULTING PHYSICIAN HAS REFERRED THE INDIVIDUAL FOR FURTHER EVALUATION IN
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 25-48-108.

25-48-108. Confirmation that individual is mentally capable – referral to mental health
professional. (1) AN ATTENDING PHYSICIAN SHALL NOT PRESCRIBE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION UNDER THIS ARTICLE FOR AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A TERMINAL ILLNESS UNTIL THE
INDIVIDUAL IS DETERMINED TO BE MENTALLY CAPABLE AND MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION, AND
THOSE DETERMINATIONS ARE CONFIRMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS SECTION.
(2) IF THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN OR THE CONSULTING PHYSICIAN BELIEVES THAT THE INDIVIDUAL
MAY NOT BE MENTALLY CAPABLE OF MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION, THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN
OR CONSULTING PHYSICIAN SHALL REFER THE INDIVIDUAL TO A LICENSED MENTAL HEALTH
PROFESSIONAL FOR A DETERMINATION OF WHETHER THE INDIVIDUAL IS MENTALLY CAPABLE AND
MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION.
(3) A LICENSED MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL WHO EVALUATES AN INDIVIDUAL UNDER THIS
SECTION SHALL COMMUNICATE, IN WRITING, TO THE ATTENDING OR CONSULTING PHYSICIAN WHO
REQUESTED THE EVALUATION, HIS OR HER CONCLUSIONS ABOUT WHETHER THE INDIVIDUAL IS
MENTALLY CAPABLE AND MAKING INFORMED DECISIONS. IF THE LICENSED MENTAL HEALTH
PROFESSIONAL DETERMINES THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS NOT MENTALLY CAPABLE OF MAKING
INFORMED DECISIONS, THE PERSON SHALL NOT BE DEEMED A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL UNDER THIS
ARTICLE AND THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN SHALL NOT PRESCRIBE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION TO THE INDIVIDUAL.

25-48-109. Death certificate. (1) UNLESS OTHERWISE PROHIBITED BY LAW, THE ATTENDING
PHYSICIAN OR THE HOSPICE MEDICAL DIRECTOR SHALL SIGN THE DEATH CERTIFICATE OF A
QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL WHO OBTAINED AND SELF-ADMINISTERED AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION.
(2) WHEN A DEATH HAS OCCURRED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE, THE CAUSE OF DEATH
SHALL BE LISTED AS THE UNDERLYING TERMINAL ILLNESS AND THE DEATH DOES NOT CONSTITUTE
GROUNDS FOR POST-MORTEM INQUIRY UNDER SECTION 30-10-606 (1), C.R.S.

25-48-110. Informed decision required. (1) AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A TERMINAL ILLNESS IS NOT A
QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL AND MAY NOT RECEIVE A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION UNLESS HE OR SHE HAS MADE AN INFORMED DECISION.
(2) IMMEDIATELY BEFORE WRITING A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION
UNDER THIS ARTICLE, THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN SHALL VERIFY THAT THE INDIVIDUAL WITH A
TERMINAL ILLNESS IS MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION.

25-48-111. Medical record documentation requirements – reporting requirements – department
compliance reviews – rules. (1) THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN SHALL DOCUMENT IN THE INDIVIDUAL’S
MEDICAL RECORD, THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
(a) DATES OF ALL ORAL REQUESTS;
(b) A VALID WRITTEN REQUEST;
(c) THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN’S DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS, DETERMINATION OF MENTAL
CAPACITY AND THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS MAKING A VOLUNTARY REQUEST AND AN INFORMED
DECISION;
(d) THE CONSULTING PHYSICIAN’S CONFIRMATION OF DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS, MENTAL
CAPACITY AND THAT THE INDIVIDUAL IS MAKING AN INFORMED DECISION;
(e) IF APPLICABLE, WRITTEN CONFIRMATION OF MENTAL CAPACITY FROM A LICENSED MENTAL
HEALTH PROFESSIONAL;
(f) A NOTATION OF NOTIFICATION OF THE RIGHT TO RESCIND A REQUEST MADE PURSUANT TO THIS
ARTICLE; AND
(g) A NOTATION BY THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN THAT ALL REQUIREMENTS UNDER THIS ARTICLE
HAVE BEEN SATISFIED; INDICATING STEPS TAKEN TO CARRY OUT THE REQUEST, INCLUDING A
NOTATION OF THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATIONS PRESCRIBED AND WHEN.
(2)(a) THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT SHALL ANNUALLY REVIEW A
SAMPLE OF RECORDS MAINTAINED PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE. THE
DEPARTMENT SHALL ADOPT RULES TO FACILITATE THE COLLECTION OF INFORMATION DEFINED IN
SUBSECTION (1) OF THIS SECTION. EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE REQUIRED BY LAW, THE INFORMATION
COLLECTED BY THE DEPARTMENT IS NOT A PUBLIC RECORD AND IS NOT AVAILABLE FOR PUBLIC
INSPECTION. HOWEVER, THE DEPARTMENT SHALL GENERATE AND MAKE AVAILABLE TO THE PUBLIC
AN ANNUAL STATISTICAL REPORT OF INFORMATION COLLECTED UNDER THIS SUBSECTION (2).
(b) THE DEPARTMENT SHALL REQUIRE ANY HEALTH CARE PROVIDER, UPON DISPENSING A MEDICAL
AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE, TO FILE A COPY OF A DISPENSING RECORD
WITH THE DEPARTMENT. THE DISPENSING RECORD IS NOT A PUBLIC RECORD AND IS NOT AVAILABLE
FOR PUBLIC INSPECTION.

25-48-112. Form of written request. (1) A REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION
AUTHORIZED BY THIS ARTICLE MUST BE IN SUBSTANTIALLY THE FOLLOWING FORM:
REQUEST FOR MEDICATION TO END MY LIFE
IN A PEACEFUL MANNER
I, _______________________________________________________ AM AN ADULT OF SOUND
MIND. I AM SUFFERING FROM _______________________________________, WHICH MY
ATTENDING PHYSICIAN HAS DETERMINED IS A TERMINAL ILLNESS AND WHICH HAS BEEN MEDICALLY
CONFIRMED. I HAVE BEEN FULLY INFORMED OF MY DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF SIX MONTHS OR
LESS, THE NATURE OF THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO BE PRESCRIBED AND POTENTIAL
ASSOCIATED RISKS, THE EXPECTED RESULT, AND THE FEASIBLE ALTERNATIVES OR ADDITIONAL
TREATMENT OPPORTUNITIES, INCLUDING COMFORT CARE, PALLIATIVE CARE, HOSPICE CARE, AND
PAIN CONTROL.
I REQUEST THAT MY ATTENDING PHYSICIAN PRESCRIBE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION THAT
WILL END MY LIFE IN A PEACEFUL MANNER IF I CHOOSE TO TAKE IT, AND I AUTHORIZE MY
ATTENDING PHYSICIAN TO CONTACT ANY PHARMACIST ABOUT MY REQUEST.
I UNDERSTAND THAT I HAVE THE RIGHT TO RESCIND THIS REQUEST AT ANY TIME.
I UNDERSTAND THE SERIOUSNESS OF THIS REQUEST, AND I EXPECT TO DIE IF I TAKE THE AID-INDYING
MEDICATION PRESCRIBED.
I FURTHER UNDERSTAND THAT ALTHOUGH MOST DEATHS OCCUR WITHIN THREE HOURS, MY DEATH
MAY TAKE LONGER, AND MY ATTENDING PHYSICIAN HAS COUNSELED ME ABOUT THIS POSSIBILITY. I
MAKE THIS REQUEST VOLUNTARILY, WITHOUT RESERVATION, AND WITHOUT BEING COERCED, AND I
ACCEPT FULL RESPONSIBILITY FOR MY ACTIONS.
SIGNED: _____________________________________________
DATED: _____________________________________________
DECLARATION OF WITNESSES
WE DECLARE THAT THE INDIVIDUAL SIGNING THIS REQUEST:
IS PERSONALLY KNOWN TO US OR HAS PROVIDED PROOF OF IDENTITY;
SIGNED THIS REQUEST IN OUR PRESENCE;
APPEARS TO BE OF SOUND MIND AND NOT UNDER DURESS, COERCION, OR UNDUE INFLUENCE; AND
I AM NOT THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN FOR THE INDIVIDUAL.
_______________WITNESS 1/DATE
_______________WITNESS 2/DATE
NOTE: OF THE TWO WITNESSES TO THE WRITTEN REQUEST, AT LEAST ONE MUST NOT:
BE A RELATIVE (BY BLOOD, MARRIAGE, CIVIL UNION, OR ADOPTION) OF THE INDIVIDUAL SIGNING
THIS REQUEST; BE ENTITLED TO ANY PORTION OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S ESTATE UPON DEATH; OR OWN,
OPERATE, OR BE EMPLOYED AT A HEALTH CARE FACILITY WHERE THE INDIVIDUAL IS A PATIENT OR
RESIDENT.
AND NEITHER THE INDIVIDUAL’S ATTENDING PHYSICIAN NOR A PERSON AUTHORIZED AS THE
INDIVIDUAL’S QUALIFIED POWER OF ATTORNEY OR DURABLE MEDICAL POWER OF ATTORNEY SHALL
SERVE AS A WITNESS TO THE WRITTEN REQUEST.

25-48-113. Standard of care. (1) PHYSICIANS AND HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS SHALL PROVIDE
MEDICAL SERVICES UNDER THIS ACT THAT MEET OR EXCEED THE STANDARD OF CARE FOR END-OFLIFE
MEDICAL CARE.
(2) IF A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IS UNABLE OR UNWILLING TO CARRY OUT AN ELIGIBLE
INDIVIDUAL’S REQUEST AND THE INDIVIDUAL TRANSFERS CARE TO A NEW HEALTH CARE PROVIDER,
THE HEALTH CARE PROVIDER SHALL COORDINATE TRANSFER OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S MEDICAL
RECORDS TO A NEW HEALTH CARE PROVIDER.

25-48-114. Effect on wills, contracts, and statutes. (1) A PROVISION IN A CONTRACT, WILL, OR
OTHER AGREEMENT, WHETHER WRITTEN OR ORAL, THAT WOULD AFFECT WHETHER AN INDIVIDUAL
MAY MAKE OR RESCIND A REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID IN DYING PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE IS
INVALID.
(2) AN OBLIGATION OWING UNDER ANY CURRENTLY EXISTING CONTRACT MUST NOT BE
CONDITIONED UPON, OR AFFECTED BY, AN INDIVIDUAL’S ACT OF MAKING OR RESCINDING A REQUEST
FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.

25-48-115. Insurance or annuity policies. (1) THE SALE, PROCUREMENT, OR ISSUANCE OF, OR THE
RATE CHARGED FOR, ANY LIFE, HEALTH, OR ACCIDENT INSURANCE OR ANNUITY POLICY MUST NOT BE
CONDITIONED UPON, OR AFFECTED BY, AN INDIVIDUAL’S ACT OF MAKING OR RESCINDING A REQUEST
FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE.
(2) A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL’S ACT OF SELF-ADMINISTERING MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION
PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT AFFECT A LIFE, HEALTH, OR ACCIDENT INSURANCE OR
ANNUITY POLICY.
(3) AN INSURER SHALL NOT DENY OR OTHERWISE ALTER HEALTH CARE BENEFITS AVAILABLE UNDER
A POLICY OF SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE TO AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A TERMINAL ILLNESS
WHO IS COVERED UNDER THE POLICY, BASED ON WHETHER OR NOT THE INDIVIDUAL MAKES A
REQUEST PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.
(4) AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A TERMINAL ILLNESS WHO IS A RECIPIENT OF MEDICAL ASSISTANCE UNDER
THE “COLORADO MEDICAL ASSISTANCE ACT”, ARTICLES 4, 5, AND 6 OF TITLE 25.5, C.R.S. SHALL
NOT BE DENIED BENEFITS UNDER THE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM OR HAVE HIS OR HER
BENEFITS UNDER THE PROGRAM OTHERWISE ALTERED BASED ON WHETHER OR NOT THE INDIVIDUAL
MAKES A REQUEST PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE.

25-48-116. Immunity for actions in good faith – prohibition against reprisals. (1) A PERSON IS NOT
SUBJECT TO CIVIL OR CRIMINAL LIABILITY OR PROFESSIONAL DISCIPLINARY ACTION FOR ACTING IN
GOOD FAITH UNDER THIS ARTICLE, WHICH INCLUDES BEING PRESENT WHEN A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL
SELF-ADMINISTERS THE PRESCRIBED MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION.
(2) EXCEPT AS PROVIDED FOR IN SECTION 25-48-118, A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER OR PROFESSIONAL
ORGANIZATION OR ASSOCIATION SHALL NOT SUBJECT AN INDIVIDUAL TO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING
FOR PARTICIPATING OR REFUSING TO PARTICIPATE IN GOOD-FAITH COMPLIANCE UNDER THIS
ARTICLE:
(a) CENSURE;
(b) DISCIPLINE;
(c) SUSPENSION;
(d) LOSS OF LICENSE, PRIVILEGES, OR MEMBERSHIP; OR
(e) ANY OTHER PENALTY.
(3) A REQUEST BY AN INDIVIDUAL FOR, OR THE PROVISION BY AN ATTENDING PHYSICIAN OF,
MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION IN GOOD-FAITH COMPLIANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT:
(a) CONSTITUTE NEGLECT OR ELDER ABUSE FOR ANY PURPOSE OF LAW; OR
(b) PROVIDE THE BASIS FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF A GUARDIAN OR CONSERVATOR.
(4) THIS SECTION DOES NOT LIMIT CIVIL OR CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE, RECKLESSNESS,
OR INTENTIONAL MISCONDUCT.

25-48-117. No duty to prescribe or dispense. (1) A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER MAY CHOOSE WHETHER
TO PARTICIPATE IN PROVIDING MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO AN INDIVIDUAL IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE.
(2) IF A HEALTH CARE PROVIDER IS UNABLE OR UNWILLING TO CARRY OUT AN INDIVIDUAL’S
REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION MADE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE, AND
THE INDIVIDUAL TRANSFERS HIS OR HER CARE TO A NEW HEALTH CARE PROVIDER, THE PRIOR
HEALTH CARE PROVIDER SHALL TRANSFER, UPON REQUEST, A COPY OF THE INDIVIDUAL’S RELEVANT
MEDICAL RECORDS TO THE NEW HEALTH CARE PROVIDER.

25-48-118. Health care facility permissible prohibitions – sanctions if provider violates policy. (1) A
HEALTH CARE FACILITY MAY PROHIBIT A PHYSICIAN EMPLOYED OR UNDER CONTRACT FROM
WRITING A PRESCRIPTION FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION FOR A QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL
WHO INTENDS TO USE THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION ON THE FACILITY’S PREMISES. THE
HEALTH CARE FACILITY MUST NOTIFY THE PHYSICIAN IN WRITING OF ITS POLICY WITH REGARD TO
PRESCRIPTIONS FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION. A HEALTH CARE FACILITY THAT FAILS TO
PROVIDE ADVANCE NOTICE TO THE PHYSICIAN SHALL NOT BE ENTITLED TO ENFORCE SUCH A POLICY
AGAINST THE PHYSICIAN.
(2) A HEALTH CARE FACILITY OR HEALTH CARE PROVIDER SHALL NOT SUBJECT A PHYSICIAN,
NURSE, PHARMACIST, OR OTHER PERSON TO DISCIPLINE, SUSPENSION, LOSS OF LICENSE OR
PRIVILEGES, OR ANY OTHER PENALTY OR SANCTION FOR ACTIONS TAKEN IN GOOD-FAITH RELIANCE
ON THIS ARTICLE OR FOR REFUSING TO ACT UNDER THIS ARTICLE.
(3) A HEALTH CARE FACILITY MUST NOTIFY PATIENTS IN WRITING OF ITS POLICY WITH REGARD TO
MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING. A HEALTH CARE FACILITY THAT FAILS TO PROVIDE ADVANCE NOTIFICATION
TO PATIENTS SHALL NOT BE ENTITLED TO ENFORCE SUCH A POLICY.

25-48-119. Liabilities. (1) A PERSON COMMITS A CLASS 2 FELONY AND IS SUBJECT TO PUNISHMENT IN
ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 18-1.3-401, C.R.S. IF THE PERSON, KNOWINGLY OR INTENTIONALLY
CAUSES AN INDIVIDUAL’S DEATH BY:
(a) FORGING OR ALTERING A REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO END AN
INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE WITHOUT THE INDIVIDUAL’S AUTHORIZATION; OR
(b) CONCEALING OR DESTROYING A RESCISSION OF A REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING
MEDICATION.
(2) A PERSON COMMITS A CLASS 2 FELONY AND IS SUBJECT TO PUNISHMENT IN ACCORDANCE WITH
SECTION 18-1.3-401, C.R.S. IF THE PERSON KNOWINGLY OR INTENTIONALLY COERCES OR EXERTS
UNDUE INFLUENCE ON AN INDIVIDUAL WITH A TERMINAL ILLNESS TO:
(a) REQUEST MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION FOR THE PURPOSE OF ENDING THE TERMINALLY
ILL INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE; OR
(b) DESTROY A RESCISSION OF A REQUEST FOR MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION.
(3) NOTHING IN THIS ARTICLE LIMITS FURTHER LIABILITY FOR CIVIL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM
OTHER NEGLIGENT CONDUCT OR INTENTIONAL MISCONDUCT BY ANY PERSON.
(4) THE PENALTIES SPECIFIED IN THIS ARTICLE DO NOT PRECLUDE CRIMINAL PENALTIES APPLICABLE
UNDER THE “COLORADO CRIMINAL CODE”, TITLE 18, C.R.S., FOR CONDUCT THAT IS INCONSISTENT
WITH THIS ARTICLE.

25-48-120. Safe disposal of unused medical aid-in-dying medications. A PERSON WHO HAS
CUSTODY OR CONTROL OF MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION DISPENSED UNDER THIS ARTICLE
THAT THE TERMINALLY ILL INDIVIDUAL DECIDES NOT TO USE OR THAT REMAINS UNUSED AFTER THE
TERMINALLY ILL INDIVIDUAL’S DEATH SHALL DISPOSE OF THE UNUSED MEDICAL AID-IN- DYING
MEDICATION EITHER BY:
(1) RETURNING THE UNUSED MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION TO THE ATTENDING PHYSICIAN
WHO PRESCRIBED THE MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION, WHO SHALL DISPOSE OF THE UNUSED
MEDICAL AID-IN-DYING MEDICATION IN THE MANNER REQUIRED BY LAW; OR
(2) LAWFUL MEANS IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 25-15-328, C.R.S. OR ANY OTHER STATE OR
FEDERALLY APPROVED MEDICATION TAKE-BACK PROGRAM AUTHORIZED UNDER THE FEDERAL
“SECURE AND RESPONSIBLE DRUG DISPOSAL ACT OF 2010”, PUB.L.111-273, AND REGULATIONS
ADOPTED PURSUANT TO THE FEDERAL ACT.

25-48-121. Actions complying with article not a crime. NOTHING IN THIS ARTICLE AUTHORIZES A
PHYSICIAN OR ANY OTHER PERSON TO END AN INDIVIDUAL’S LIFE BY LETHAL INJECTION, MERCY
KILLING, OR EUTHANASIA. ACTIONS TAKEN IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ARTICLE DO NOT, FOR ANY
PURPOSE, CONSTITUTE SUICIDE, ASSISTED SUICIDE, MERCY KILLING, HOMICIDE, OR ELDER ABUSE
UNDER THE “COLORADO CRIMINAL CODE”, AS SET FORTH IN TITLE 18, C.R.S.

25-48-122. Claims by government entity for costs. A GOVERNMENT ENTITY THAT INCURS COSTS
RESULTING FROM AN INDIVIDUAL TERMINATING HIS OR HER LIFE PURSUANT TO THIS ARTICLE IN A
PUBLIC PLACE HAS A CLAIM AGAINST THE ESTATE OF THE INDIVIDUAL TO RECOVER THE COSTS AND
REASONABLE ATTORNEY FEES RELATED TO ENFORCING THE CLAIM.

25-48-123. No effect on advance medical directives. NOTHING IN THIS ARTICLE SHALL CHANGE THE
LEGAL EFFECT OF:
(1) A DECLARATION MADE UNDER ARTICLE 18 OF TITLE 15, C.R.S., DIRECTING THAT LIFESUSTAINING
PROCEDURES BE WITHHELD OR WITHDRAWN;
(2) A CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION DIRECTIVE EXECUTED UNDER ARTICLE 18.6 OF TITLE 15,
C.R.S.; OR
(3) AN ADVANCE MEDICAL DIRECTIVE EXECUTED UNDER ARTICLE 18.7 OF TITLE 15, C.R.S.